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85% of All Bitcoin Have Been Mined: Does Scarcity Create Value?

02-Aug-2019
Despite the fact that Bitcoin is 50% down from its all-time high of $20,000, the project has continued to set milestones.

As noted by countless cryptocurrency Twitter users on Wednesday, the number of Bitcoin that has been mined has officially surmounted 17,850,000. This means that 85% of BTC’s 21 million supply cap has been spent.

85% of 21 Million Bitcoin Now Mined


For some reason or another, Satoshi Nakamoto, the pseudonymous coder (or group of coders) behind Bitcoin, decided to place a supply cap on his creation. Unless a hard fork takes place, the number of BTC in circulation will never surmount 21 million (fun fact: the real number is actually marginally lower than 21 million).



Although 21 million seems arbitrary, with Satoshi never explaining the reasoning behind this number or the concept of a supply cap itself, there have been some theories about the predicate of this move.


According to Interchange (now owned by Blockchain.com) co-founder Dan Held, formerly of Uber, the supply cap is part of Satoshi’s attempts to make BTC a purpose-built store of value.

In a thread covered by this outlet earlier this year, Held explained that per Satoshi’s comments, in which he, she, or they mentioned gold, long-term growth, and Bitcoin’s commodity status, it is clear that the Bitcoin creator believes that the asset’s “scarcity gives it value… as an SoV”.

Held subsequently explained that Bitcoin was conceived to become an alternative to banks, hence the iconic headline that Satoshi embedded in the Genesis Block’s coinbase, not a new version of Visa. To back his claim, he drew attention to the network’s cardinal rules — 21 million BTC supply cap, ten-minute blocks, and block size caps — claiming that Satoshi could have altered these values to push the digital money narrative.

Scarcity Creates Value


With the number of Bitcoin remaining to be snatched up rapidly decreasing, investors have been wondering how scarcity will play into the BTC investment thesis moving forward.




According to one model, BTC’s inflation rate, as shown by the stock-to-flow model, determines the price of the asset. The higher the SF ratio — meaning the lower the inflation rate that a commodity has — the higher the value of the asset should be.


The model, which was created by analyst PlanB, fits Bitcoin’s valuation to a 99.5% R2. Should BTC continue to follow the model to an eerie degree of accuracy, it could reach over $100,000 a pop after 2020’s halving event.

Set in Stone?


It is important to note that there has been some preliminary talk to raise the supply cap. As reported by NewsBTC, attendees of this year’s iteration of the mysterious Satoshi’s Roundtable were subject to talk of a potential increase of the supply cap.

Not much is known about the event. Media is effectively strictly banned, the list of attendees is hard to find, the event’s location is Somewhere, Mexico, and information regarding what was discussed is taboo. But, as made evident by a tweet from Fold’s Matt Luongo there were some ideas brought forth about the survivability of a deflationary Bitcoin.